Tank trucks are transport vehicles with a tank-shaped body used for carrying various liquids, liquefied gases, powdered goods, etc. The body of an aluminum alloy tank truck consists of several parts, including side panels, fenders, and tank openings.
The commonly used aluminum plates for tank trucks in the market are generally less than 12.5 meters in length and less than 2.2 meters in width. The common thicknesses are 5mm, 6mm, 7mm, and 8mm. A complete tank body of a tank truck usually requires the welding of 4-6 aluminum plates.
The tank body is made of 5083H111 aluminum plate, and the tank covers on both sides require bending, which uses 5083-O temper aluminum plate. The O temper is softer, making it suitable for bending. The partition (fender) section uses 5083-O temper as well.
In addition, some manufacturers use 5454H111 aluminum plates to produce tank bodies
Mingtai Aluminum supplies raw materials for producing aluminum plates for tank trucks, including 5083, 5052, 5754, 5454, 5182, etc. For inquiries, please contact us by email: at email@example.com or WhatsApp me: at +8617760728173.
The fuel tanker is used for the transportation of gasoline, crude oil, various viscous oils, vegetable oils, liquid ammonia, wine, water, various acid-base liquids. The raw material can be stainless steel or aluminum alloy.
Compared with carbon steel tankers, the aluminum alloy tanker is lighter ,which reduces fuel consumption and tire wear during transportation, thereby reducing daily operating and maintenance costs. Aluminum alloy has strong corrosion resistance and improves tanker service life.
◆The advantage of aluminum plate for fuel tanker
1. Lightweight tank body tank body
Since the density of aluminum alloy is small, it is more than 4 tons lighter than similar carbon steel tankers and loads 20% more than carbon steel tankers. The large cross-section beam is extruded at one time, the strength is high.
2. Strong corrosion resistance
Aluminum alloy has good compatibility with most chemical media such as acetone, benzene, gasoline and diesel, kerosene, glacial acetic acid and food, and has a wide transportation range. It has no need for special surface treatment, saving maintenance cost.
15-20 years is the typical service life of aluminum alloy load tankers. According to the statistics of American HEIL company, the average service life of aluminum alloy tankers is about 10 years, depending on the customer's use and maintenance conditions. The longest service life of aluminum alloy tankers has reached 40 years.
3. Good ductility
Tank body made of aluminum sheet is of good elongation and high strength. Oil products are flammable and explosive dangerous goods, so safety is an important indicator for the tank trucks. Oil products are prone to thermal expansion and contraction in extreme cold or hot conditions. The ductility of ordinary oil tanks is prone to explosion in this case. The use of aluminum alloy tanks greatly improves safety.
4. High recycling value
Aluminum sheet has a very high recycling value. A tank made of 5 tons of aluminum plate will bring about 15,000$ when the fuel tank is recycled according to the international aluminum scrap price.
◆The use of aluminum plate for oil tank truck
● The aluminum plate for tank body is welded with 5083 aluminum alloy plate. The plate thickness is 5~6mm.
● The other parts like wash board, bulkhead and tank head is also of 5083 aluminum plate. The wall thickness of the tanker head is equal to or greater than that of the tank body. The thickness of the bulkhead and wash board is 1mm thinner than the tank body.
● The thickness of the left and right support plates at the bottom of the tank is 6-8mm, and the material is 5A06 aluminum plate. There are guardrails and walking platforms on the top of the tank. The walking platforms are made of aluminum tread plate.
◆Alloys of aluminum sheet for fuel tank
● 5083 aluminum sheet is a widely used in the manufacturing of fuel trucker. Its main element is magnesium, which has good welding performance, corrosion resistance and processing performance and medium strength.
● 5182 aluminum plate is used for the the latest high-magnesium alloy tanker which was born for the European road dangerous goods transportation agreement in recent years. Its tensile strength and elongation are relatively high. The excellent quality of 5182 alloy plate improves the safety of aluminum alloy tankers.
● 5454 aluminium plate is suitable for aluminum-magnesium alloy tankers used under high temperature conditions, with strong corrosion resistance.
◆Specification of the main three 5xxx aluminum sheets for fuel tanker
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is an important clean energy source. To store LNG, tanks must be able to withstand extreme temperatures and pressures. That's why aluminum plates are a popular choice for constructing the outer shell of LNG tanks.
5083 aluminum alloy has high strength, good plasticity, corrosion resistance, and processability, and has become a widely used material for manufacturing low-temperature storage tanks such as LNG storage tanks and LNG ships.
◆The superior advantages of 5083 aluminum plate for LNG tank
● 5083 aluminum alloy has high strength, good plasticity, corrosion resistance and processability, and has become a widely used material for manufacturing low temperature storage tanks such as LNG storage tank and LNG ships.
● 5083 aluminum plate for LNG storage tank and SUS304 austenitic stainless steel are also materials composed of cubic lattice, so they can be used in the lowest temperature range. Because its strength is lower than 9% Ni steel, its plate thickness is relatively thick, but its weight is light, and it has good bending workability and weldability. Therefore, like 9% Ni steel, it is used as one of the main materials of LNG storage tank, especially the LNG ship.
● There are LNG tanks with the main wall structure entirely made of 5083 aluminum alloy, but most aluminum alloys have become important materials for the top structure of the storage tank because of their unique light weight and corrosion resistance.
● Tank tops made of aluminum alloys also have better safety and economic advantages: fire resistance, excellent corrosion resistance and cleanliness and good economic effect.
◆5083 aluminum plate for Moss LNG tank
● Tensile Strength Rm(Mpa): 110-136
● Elongation A50(50%): ≥20
● The annealing temperature is: 415
● Yield strength Rp0.2(Mpa): ≥110
The semi truck is one of the important vehicles for road material transportation. It has a large carrying weight and high economic and energy efficiency. Compared with ordinary single tank trucks, semi-trailer tank trucks can effectively improve transportation efficiency. In the case of the same tonnage, it reduces transportation costs and saves fuel consumption.
◆Different alloys of aluminum coil for tankers
⒈ In order to prevent corrosion of the car body, it is important to select materials with light weight, low density and strong corrosion resistance. 5454 aluminum plate has good forming and processing properties, corrosion resistance, weldability, medium strength, and its anti-rust strength is about 20% higher than that of 5052. Its corrosion resistance in harsh environments is better than 5154.
⒉ 5083 aluminum plate is the main aluminum alloy plate for semi trailer tank truck. It is of high strength, corrosion resistance, good workability, and excellent arc weldability, so it is very suitable for tank materials after aluminum plate welding.
⒊ 5754 aluminum alloy is one of the most commonly used materials for the tank truck manufacturing, featuring medium strength, good corrosion resistance, weldability and easy processing and forming properties.
⒋ 5182 aluminum plate is used for the the latest high-magnesium alloy tanker which was born for the European road dangerous goods transportation agreement in recent years. Its tensile strength and elongation are relatively high.
◆Specification of aluminum plate for semi trucks
● Mechanical properties
◆ What is Tank head
It refers to the part used for the seal the end of the tank truck.The head of a cylinder is generally a revolving shell. According to the shape of the head surface, it can be divided into convex, cone, flat and combined shapes. It is connected to the cylinder by welding. The tank head is an indispensable and important part of pressure vessel equipment in many industries such as petrochemical, atomic energy, pharmaceutical industry,etc.
◆ Alloys of aluminum head plate
5182 aluminum head plate is often used for the high-magnesium alloy tanker specially designed for road transportation of dangerous goods in recent years. Its tensile strength and elongation value are relatively high.
5754 aluminum plates are widely used in welded structures, storage tanks, pressure vessels, ship structures and offshore facilities, tank trucks,requiring excellent processing performance, excellent corrosion resistance, high fatigue strength, high weldability and medium static strength.
5059 aluminum sheet belongs to Al-Mg alloy. It is an aluminum alloy with excellent comprehensive performance, which is used in the fields of ships, yachts, cruise ships and tankers.
The 5454 aluminum plate is flat, bright and uniform, and no black spots. The use of 5454 aluminum head plate ban better ensure the uniform color of oil tank truck and avoid the crack of the sealing part.
◆ Specifications of alloy aluminum plate for tankers cylinder head
◆ What is baffle of a fuel tanker
The inner structure of an aluminum alloy load tanker consists of bulkhead, baffle and corresponding supports. Baffles are bulkheads that have holes in them to let the liquid flow through. The baffles help control the forward and backward liquid surge. In these trailers, the internal movement of the product is minimal.
The longitudinal baffle is for reducing the left and right fluctuations of the liquid in the tank body. The transverse baffle is for reducing the front and back fluctuations of the liquid in the cylinder. In order to facilitate maintenance, there are also manholes with a diameter of not less than 550 mm on the transverse baffle. For better anti-waving effect, the manholes of different baffles in the same compartment.
◆ The advantages of aluminium plate for tankers baffle
The installation of the baffles enables the fuel tanker withstand the impact of the vehicle during the transportation process and have sufficient corrosion resistance. It also contributes to easy maintenance, lessen the vehicle weight and meet the safety performance of oil transportation.
The rigidity of the aluminum baffles is good, which is 30%-40% stronger than other material. It also can realize seamless fit to the cylinder to ensure the assembly quality of the cylinder and the baffles.
◆ The manufacturing process of aluminum alloy baffles
The baffles can be made of 5454, 5182 and 5083 aluminum plate with O temper. The thickness is 5-6 mm. According to the size of the aluminum alloy oil tanker tank body, a number of baffles will be designed. The production of the baffles and the head is somewhat similar.
According to the drawings, the required shape is made by the plasma cutting machine and the edge machine. Different with bulkhead, there are multiple manholes of different sizes cut on the surface that are arranged in a staggered position. Finally, the baffles is welded to the cylinder body.
◆Specification of aluminum plate for fuel tanker
◆ Why choose aluminum sheet for tanker body
At present, there are two kinds of metals for the manufacturing of fuel tankers: carbon steel and aluminum. In the transportation of gasoline, diesel and other oil products, especially for gasoline, the use of carbon steel tanks is easy to rust and needs anti-corrosion improvement, otherwise it will contaminate the oil.
With the continuous improvement of environmental protection and fuel saving and overload control measures for commercial vehicles, people’s acceptance rate of tankers with high configuration is gradually increasing, and the calculation of operating costs is more rational. The light-weight aluminum alloy tank truck with high safety, light weight, and large standard transport loads has been promoted worldwide.
The aluminum sheet for tanker body is not only of light weight, but also high strength. In fact, aluminum alloy has been widely used in aerospace, ships, high-speed rail and other fields that require high strength.
◆ Alloys of aluminum plate for tank cylinder
5454 aluminum sheet is of good corrosion resistance, which was used in tank trucks in the early 1950s. 5083(Europe), 5454(USA) and 5182 are currently commonly used aluminum alloys for making tank cylinder. The non-flammable properties of aluminum can improve safety in the case of vehicle collision.
5182 aluminum sheet is specially developed for the storage and transportation of dangerous goods. It meets the latest ADR (Agreement for the Transport of Dangerous Goods on Highway) regulations.
When making tanks with a diameter less than 1.8 meters, the minimum thickness can be 4mm; When the tank diameter is larger than 1.8 meter, the minimum thickness of 5182 aluminum sheet can be 5mm.
◆Specification of aluminum sheet for tanker body
◆ What is aluminum alloy oil tank truck
It refers to special vehicles for transporting gasoline, diesel, kerosene, lubricants and other liquid fuels. In the transportation of gasoline, diesel and other oil products, especially for gasoline, the use of carbon steel tanks is easy to rust and needs anti-corrosion improvement, otherwise it will contaminate the oil. The aluminum sheet for tankers bulkhead not only is of light weight, but also has good compatibility with oils.
◆ What is the bulkhead of fuel tanker
When the capacity of the cylinder is not large, the entire cylinder is treated as a single compartment. if the capacity of the tanker body is large, the tank body can be divided into several independent compartments with bulkhead.
There is no uniform standard for the size of each single compartment of the fuel tanker, which depends on the nature of the goods and the total capacity of the entire tanker body.
◆ The aluminum plate for tanker bulkhead
5754 aluminum plate is of medium strength, good corrosion resistance, weldability and easy processing and forming. Different tempers of 5754 aluminum sheets are the main materials used in the automobile and fuel tanker manufacturing industry.
5182 aluminum plate is a high-quality aluminum alloy produced by heat treatment and pre-stretching process. The advantage is that it has good plasticity during semi-cold work hardening, low plasticity during cold work hardening, good corrosion resistance and good weldability.
5083-O temper is also often used as the aluminum sheet for tankers bulkhead. The main alloying element is magnesium. The tensile strength is between 290-345Mpa and the yield strength is between 145-283Mpa.
◆Specification of aluminum plate for tankers for sale
The weight of Aluminium Alloy Tanker is lower.
Aluminium Tanker plate has higher recovery value.
The aluminium alloy plate has good corrosion resistance.
Aluminium tanker has good electrical conductivity and energy absorption capacity, more safe.
Aluminium density is 2.71g/cm³. At same volume, the aluminium weight is roughly one-third the weight of steel. Use the aluminium alloy in tanker application, greatly reduce the weight of tanker.Inquiry Now
Because of aluminium alloy has good corrosion resistance, so after the tanker forced to scrap, there is not a big damage on the aluminium tanker, it can be recycle and reuseInquiry Now
The aluminium alloy plate has good corrosion resistance than steel, use aluminium alloy to produce the tanker body, it doesn't need to coat any protective layer, to transport a variety of liquids or liquefied gas, because of aluminium alloy tanker has very good corrosion resistance, thereby guarantee the oils more clean.Inquiry Now
When tanker collide, because of its good electrical conductivity, there is less static electricity on the tanker, so it doesn't produce a spark, it reduces the incidence of accidents such as explosions.Inquiry Now
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